Capture Windows 10 Image using MDT 2013 – TheITBros (2023)

In this article we are going to show you how to capture reference Windows 10 image using Microsoft Deployment Toolkit (MDT). Later you can use deploy this Windows 10 image on multiple computers in your organization.

By using a fully customized Windows 10 image for deployment on computers, you can achieve a quick installation of the operating system with a set of necessary applications on the users’ workstation.

We assume, that you are already familiar with article Deploy Windows 10 using MDT 2013 and WDS and have already installed MDT on your Windows Server 2012 R2/2016/2019.

Note. When capturing a Windows 10 image, always install the latest version of the Windows ADK (Windows Assessment and Deployment Kit) on your Windows Server with the Microsoft Deployment Toolkit role installed. For example, to capture a Windows 10 v2004 image, you need to install the Windows ADK for Windows 10 2004.

Preparing Windows 10 Reference Computer for MDT Capture

Before you begin to capture Windows 10 image, you should prepare already deployed Windows 10 PC by installing required drivers, apps, latest Windows security updates, and performing necessary system configuration. This computer will be used to capture the Windows image.

Let’s take a look at the basic steps to follow when configuring a Windows 10 reference computer.

  1. Install Windows 10 Pro or Enterprise edition on a reference computer;
  2. Install device drivers;
  3. Enable .NET 3.5 Framework support (use the DISM command: Dism /online /Enable-Feature /FeatureName:”NetFx3″);
  4. Use Windows Update to download and install the latest security fixes;
  5. Remove unnecessary built-in Universal Windows Platform (UWP) apps (otherwise the sysprep mail fail). You can use the following PowerShell script to remove some of the unnecessarily Windows 10 built-in Window Store Apps, like Xbox, Games, etc:
    $AppsList = "Microsoft.3DBuilder","microsoft.windowscommunicationsapps","Microsoft.MicrosoftOfficeHub","Microsoft.SkypeApp","Microsoft.Getstarted","Microsoft.ZuneMusic","Microsoft.MicrosoftSolitaireCollection","Microsoft.ZuneVideo","Microsoft.Office.OneNote","Microsoft.People","Microsoft.XboxApp", "Microsoft.Messaging", "Microsoft.Microsoft3DViewer", "Microsoft.WindowsFeedbackHub", "Microsoft.GetHelp", "Microsoft.OneConnect"ForEach ($App in $AppsList){ $PackageFullName = (Get-AppxPackage $App).PackageFullName $ProPackageFullName = (Get-AppxProvisionedPackage -online | where {$_.Displayname -eq $App}).PackageNameif ($PackageFullName) { remove-AppxPackage -package $PackageFullName }if ($ProPackageFullName) { Remove-AppxProvisionedPackage -online -packagename $ProPackageFullName } }
  6. Install Visual C++ Redist, office applications and other tools that your users use;
  7. Customize Windows Start Menu and Taskbar pinned apps and copy setting to new user profiles:
    $Path = "C:\PS\StartLayout.xml"Export-StartLayout -path $PathCopy-Item $Path -Destination “C:\Users\Default\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Windows\Shell”
  8. Disable MSFT Consumer Experience, First Logon Animation and Windows Defender(if third party security solution is used). Use the following PowerShell commands:
    # Disable the Microsoft Consumer ExperienceNew-Item -Path HKLM:\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\ -Name CloudContentNew-ItemProperty -Path 'HKLM:\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\CloudContent' -name 'DisableWindowsConsumerFeatures' -PropertyType DWORD -Value '1'# Disable First logon AnimationNew-ItemProperty -Path 'HKLM:\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\System' -name 'EnableFirstLogonAnimation' -PropertyType DWORD -Value '0'#Disable Windows DefenderSet-MpPreference -DisableRealtimeMonitoring $TRUENew-ItemProperty -Path “HKLM:\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows Defender” -Name DisableAntiSpyware -Value 1 -PropertyType DWORD -Force
  9. Cleanup WinSXS component folder on Windows 10 using DISM:
    dism /Online /Cleanup-Image /AnalyzeComponentStoredism /online /Cleanup-Image /StartComponentCleanup
  10. Run Disk Cleanup for system drive C:, remove temporary files, delete the Windows Update cache (C:\Windows\SoftwareDistribution\download folder).

Creating Capture Task Sequence on MDT

The first step is to create a new Task Sequence, which will control the image capturing process.

  1. Run Deployment Workbench console and expand the branch Deployment Shares > MDT Deployment Share;
  2. Right click on Task Sequence and select New Task Sequence in the appeared menu;
    Capture Windows 10 Image using MDT 2013 – TheITBros (1)
  3. This starts the Task Sequence Wizard. Enter Task Sequence ID (w10Capt) and Task Sequence Name (Capture Windows 10 Image);
    Capture Windows 10 Image using MDT 2013 – TheITBros (2)
  4. Select Sysprep and Capture from list of predefined task sequence templates and click Next;
    Capture Windows 10 Image using MDT 2013 – TheITBros (3)
  5. Choose an operating system that matches the version of OS installed on a reference computer. In this case, it is Windows 10 Pro x64 install.wim (the operating system must be pre-imported into MDT);
    Capture Windows 10 Image using MDT 2013 – TheITBros (4)
  6. Choose Don’t specify a product key at this time and press Next;
    Capture Windows 10 Image using MDT 2013 – TheITBros (5)
  7. Fill the fields Full Name and Organization and click Next;
    Capture Windows 10 Image using MDT 2013 – TheITBros (6)
  8. Select Don’t specify an Administrator password at this time;
    Capture Windows 10 Image using MDT 2013 – TheITBros (7)
  9. On Summary page click Next > Next > Finish;
    Capture Windows 10 Image using MDT 2013 – TheITBros (8)

Important! Before continuing, check that MDT server configuration allows to capture OS image. To do this, open MDT Deployment Share properties and switch to the Rules tab. SkipCapture option must be set to NO.

Capture Windows 10 Image using MDT 2013 – TheITBros (9)

Update deployment share to regenerate boot media with WinPE environment.

How to Capture Windows 10 Reference Image with Microsoft Deployment Toolkit (MDT)?

Now you are ready to capture already installed Windows 10 image on a client computer. Power on PC and boot Windows 10 as usual. Verify that necessary applications, updates, and language packs are installed on Windows, Time Zone is configured and check other Windows settings.

  1. Open File Explorer and specify the network path to the DeploymentShare on MDT server. In our case, the path looks like this: \\192.168.1.17\deploymentshare$. You may need to enter credentials to access shared network folder on the MDT server
  2. Open the folder Script, find and run (by double click) the script file LiteTouch.vbs
    Capture Windows 10 Image using MDT 2013 – TheITBros (10)
  3. Wait until Windows deployment Wizard starts;
  4. Select Capture Windows 10 Image (we created it earlier) from the task sequence list;
    Capture Windows 10 Image using MDT 2013 – TheITBros (11)
  5. Enter current local Administrator password, which will be used to logon Windows after reboot;
    Capture Windows 10 Image using MDT 2013 – TheITBros (12)
  6. Select Capture an image of this reference computer and verify the UNC path to the folder on MDT server, which will be used to save Windows 10 WIM image file (in our case \\192.168.1.17\deploymentshare$\Captures. You should have read/write NTFS permissions on this folder. After that specify the new .wim file name;
    Capture Windows 10 Image using MDT 2013 – TheITBros (13)
  7. On the next screen you need to enter the domain credentials to access shared folder on the MDT server over the network;
  8. Wait for some time to start Task Sequence;
  9. After completing the preparations, Sysprep task starts. Then the computer will reboot into WiNPE environment and begin to capture system image (during the process of image creating, the system will switch in the OOBE (Out-Of-Box Experience) sysprep mode, and the Windows 10 image is captured using the DISM tool); Note. Your Windows reference computer will boot from the LiteTouchPE_x64.iso boot image (with WindowsPE environment) located in the Boot folder in the Deployment Shar on the WDS server.
    Capture Windows 10 Image using MDT 2013 – TheITBros (14)
  10. The process of capturing Windows 10 image takes quite a long time and after finished a wim file with Windows 10 image appeared in the Captures folder on the deployment share

Tip. If you want to make changes to the local administrator’s profile before capturing the reference image, you need to use the MDT parameter – CopyProfile=TRUE. These changes will be transferred to the WIM system image and applied to the user’s profile when you deploy a Windows 10 image on the target computer. The CopyProfile option allows you to make changes to the local administrator profile when configuring your reference Windows 10 device. They are then transferred to a .wim file during image capture and can be applied to the default user profile on deployed machines. Otherwise, any changes made to the user’s profile won’t be saved (such as wallpaper, desktop icons, Windows theme setting, etc.).

Later you can directly import this WIM file to the System Center Configuration Manager, Windows Deployment Services or MDT and use it to deploy Windows 10 to the workstations. Thus, you save a lot of time when installing drivers and applications on multiple computers.

Capture Image Window Task Sequence not Showing in the Deployment Wizard

In some cases, step 3 (Capture image) with the option to select the start of image capture doesn’t appear on client computers. The Windows Deployment Wizard simply skips the step in which you must select the “Capture an image of this reference computer” option. Instead, the user is prompted to specify computer details.

Capture Windows 10 Image using MDT 2013 – TheITBros (15)

If this problem appeared after upgrading the MDT version, then most likely it is related to a bug that has been confirmed by Microsoft Premier support. The version of the script ZTIUtility.vbs contains an error. To fix it, you need to manually edit the ZTIUtility.vbs file, find the lines:

If (oTS.SelectSingleNode("//step[@type='BDD_InstallOS']") is nothing) and (oTS.SelectSingleNode("//step[@type='BDD_UpgradeOS']") is nothing) then

And replace with:

If (oTS.SelectSingleNode("//step[@type='BDD_InstallOS'and @disable='false']") is nothing) and (oTS.SelectSingleNode("//step[@type='BDD_UpgradeOS'and @disable='false']") is nothing) then

Open the customsettings.ini file and make sure that the option is selected:

[Default]...SkipCapture=NO

In addition, there is information that the capture window doesn’t appear if the parameter is specified:

SkipProductKey=NO

Change it to SkipProductKey=YES, or edit the DeployWiz_ProductKeyVista.vbs file. Replace the line of code:

if oProperties("DeploymentType") = "UPGRADE" then

Change to:

if Property("DeploymentType") = "UPGRADE" then

After that, run the Capture task sequence again on the client computer, and make sure that the Capture Screen now appears in the Deployment Wizard.

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FAQs

Does MDT support 21h2? ›

Note: Please don't use the newly released (May 2022) Windows ADK for Windows 11 22H2. It's not fully compatible with MDT 8456 since it no longer contains the x86 version of WinPE which MDT expects to find. For this guide you need the following software.

What is the difference between WDS and MDT? ›

WDS just delivers the images. With MDT, you can manage your image creation process as well as the imaging process. So yes, with MDT you can create a single image and push it to any number of different hardware models and inject the drivers as needed at image time.

Can you run MDT on Windows 10? ›

MDT supports the deployment of Windows 10, and Windows 7, Windows 8.1, and Windows Server. It also includes support for zero-touch installation (ZTI) with Microsoft Endpoint Configuration Manager.

What is the latest version of MDT? ›

Latest release

MDT build 8456 is the latest version available on the Microsoft Download Center. This update begins support for Windows 10, version 1809, and Windows Server 2019.

Does Windows 11 support MDT? ›

One of the tools that you can use for deployment is Microsoft Deployment Toolkit (MDT). This tool can deploy Windows 11, but also Windows 10 or Windows Server OSes.

How do I capture an image on my computer? ›

Hit the PrtScn button/ or Print Scrn button, to take a screenshot of the entire screen: When using Windows, pressing the Print Screen button (located in the top right of the keyboard) will take a screenshot of your entire screen. Hitting this button essentially copies an image of the screen to the clipboard.

How do I capture an image using WinPE? ›

Capture your device image
  1. Insert a USB drive into the Technician PC. ...
  2. On the technician PC, open the Deployment and Imaging Tools Environment as administrator. ...
  3. Copy the WinPE files to a working folder: ...
  4. Copy the WinPE files to your USB key. ...
  5. Move the USB flash drive from the Technician PC to the reference IoT device.
18 Jan 2021

How do I create a boot image for MDT? ›

Using the Configuration Manager Console, in the Software Library workspace, expand Operating Systems, right-click Boot Images, and select Create Boot Image using MDT.

What is the difference between MDT and SCCM? ›

Generally speaking, MDT is suitable for small-scale environments, while SCCM is more suitable for large-scale environments. 1. MDT is free, which is a huge advantage for many smaller business. MDT as a standalone tool is great for tiny environments without a lot of computers to migrate.

Is Microsoft MDT free? ›

The Microsoft Deployment Toolkit (MDT) is a free tool for automating Windows and Windows Server operating system deployment, leveraging the Windows Assessment and Deployment Kit (ADK) for Windows 10.

Is MDT easy to use? ›

MDT, unlike its big brother System Configuration Manager (SCCM), is a free product by Microsoft and is relatively simple to use. It runs on a dedicated Windows Server (physical or virtual) and contains a set of Visual Basic Scripts that direct MDT to execute instructions on the target machine.

What is MDT used for? ›

Overview of the MDT Deployment Process

The purpose of MDT is to help automate the deployment of Windows operating systems and applications to desktop, portable, and server computers in the environment.

What is the difference between boot image and install image? ›

"Install images are the operating system images that you deploy to the client computer. Boot images are the images that you boot a client computer into to perform an operating system installation.

What is a capture image? ›

Image capture is the moment the physical object is turned digital, by the process of being scanned or photographed.

How do I capture a screenshot on Windows 10? ›

The Windows key + Print Screen

To take a screenshot on Windows 10 and automatically save the file, press the Windows key + PrtScn. Your screen will go dim and a screenshot of your entire screen will save to the Screenshots folder.

Can I install Windows Deployment Services on Windows 10? ›

Windows Deployment Services (WDS) is a server role that you can deploy on computers running Windows Server. WDS enables you to deploy operating systems, including Windows 8.1, Windows 10, Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows Server 2016, and Windows Server 2019, to computers over the network.

How do I install drivers for MDT? ›

Add drivers to MDT
  1. From the console, right click on the folder Out-of-Box Drivers 1 / Computer folder 2 then click on Import Drivers 3.
  2. Select folder 1 where the drivers are stored and click on Next 2.
  3. Click on Next 1to confirm the import of the drivers.
  4. Wait during the import…

Do I need ADK for MDT? ›

MDT installation requires the following: The Windows ADK for Windows 10 (installed in the previous procedure)

Who created MDT? ›

Microsoft Deployment Toolkit
Developer(s)Microsoft
Available inEnglish
TypeSystem software
LicenseFreeware
Websitedocs.microsoft.com/en-us/mem/configmgr/mdt/
7 more rows

Is WDS free? ›

WDS and MDT are free to use, but what are the licensing requirements?

Where are MDT logs stored? ›

MDT log files reside in C:\MININT\SMSOSD\OSDLOGS during the deployment process. Depending on the type of deployment being conducted, the log files are moved at the completion of the deployment to either %WINDIR%\SMSOSD or %WINDIR%\TEMP\SMSOSD.

Will Windows 11 ADK work for Windows 10? ›

Microsoft has released the ADK for Windows 11 21H2 and Windows 11 22H2. You can download ADK for Windows 11 from the Windows ADK downloads page. On the same page, you can also download the ADK for Windows Server 2022 and Windows 10 Operating Systems.

Can WDS deploy Windows 11? ›

The operating system deployment functionality of Windows Deployment Services (WDS) is being partially deprecated. Starting with Windows 11, workflows that rely on boot. wim from installation media or on running Windows Setup in WDS mode will no longer be supported.

How do I capture an image? ›

Step 1: First, select the Image tab in the Capture window. Step 2: Next, select Menu in the Selection dropdown. Step 4: Click the Capture button or press PrtScn (Print Screen). Step 5: Finally, your countdown will begin.

How many ways there are of capturing an image on a computer? ›

There are three possibilities as far as equipment or hardware is concerned: Digitising board (frame grabber/video board) plus analogue input (e.g. camera, videotape) Scanner (hand-held, flat-bed, transparency) Digital camera.

Which key is used to capture or convert the output of desktop into image? ›

To capture an image of the whole desktop (that is, everything visible on your screen) to the computer's memory, use the key combination [Ctrl] - [Apple] - [Shift] -[3] (hold down the Ctrl, Apple and Shift keys together and type 3). You can then paste the captured image into an application such as Photoshop.

How do you make an image with DISM? ›

Capture an Image Using DISM | Create a Windows Image Tutorial

What is a Windows reference image? ›

A Reference Image is used to take for example a vanilla Windows 10 image and customise it to fit your organisation. Your end game is to have a new Windows Imaging format (WIM) file to meet your company needs. For example, being update to date with patches and maybe the C++ Runtimes installed.

How do I create a preinstalled .iso file in Windows 10? ›

Create an ISO file for Windows 10
  1. On the Windows 10 download page, download the media creation tool by selecting Download tool now, then run the tool.
  2. In the tool, select Create installation media (USB flash drive, DVD, or ISO) for another PC > Next.

Where is the DISM image located? ›

DISM is in the c:\windows\system32 folder of all Windows 10 and Windows 11 installations, but you can run DISM in the command prompt from any location. DISM has to run from a Command Prompt running as administrator.

Why do you need sysprep? ›

The Sysprep /generalize command removes unique information from a Windows installation so that you can reuse that image on different computers.

What is DISM optimize image? ›

Optimizes an offline image to reduce first-boot time after the image is applied.

How do I create a boot image? ›

Use the following process to add a boot image in Configuration Manager: In the Configuration Manager console, go to the Software Library workspace, expand Operating Systems, and then select the Boot Images node. On the Home tab of the ribbon, in the Create group, select Add Boot Image.

How do you create a system image? ›

Create a system image
  1. Right-click the Start button, then select Control Panel > System and Maintenance > Backup and Restore.
  2. In the left pane, choose Create a system image, and then follow the steps in the wizard.

How do you capture an image on a PC? ›

Press Ctrl + PrtScn keys. The entire screen changes to gray including the open menu. Select Mode, or in earlier versions of Windows, select the arrow next to the New button. Select the kind of snip you want, and then select the area of the screen capture that you want to capture.

How do I capture an image in WinPE? ›

Capture your device image
  1. Insert a USB drive into the Technician PC. ...
  2. On the technician PC, open the Deployment and Imaging Tools Environment as administrator. ...
  3. Copy the WinPE files to a working folder: ...
  4. Copy the WinPE files to your USB key. ...
  5. Move the USB flash drive from the Technician PC to the reference IoT device.
18 Jan 2021

How do I create a boot image for MDT? ›

Using the Configuration Manager Console, in the Software Library workspace, expand Operating Systems, right-click Boot Images, and select Create Boot Image using MDT.

How do I create a bootable ISO image? ›

How to Create a Bootable ISO Image from Windows Extracted Files?
  1. Download & install ImgBurn.
  2. Now Click on create image file from files/folders.
  3. Now Select the Windows installation folder/files.
  4. Now Make ISO image bootable.
  5. Configure the bootable settings for ISO image.
30 May 2020

What drivers are needed for boot image? ›

In general, only drivers for network interface cards (NIC) and storage devices should be added to boot images and only if necessary.

How large is a Windows 10 system image? ›

Since a system image is eventually a file that contains the content on a PC's hard dive, or just from one single partition, its file size is just the same of the used disk space. For example, if you have 200GB of space used on a 500GB hard drive, the system image will be around 200GB.

What is the size of Windows 10 image? ›

The Windows 10 ISO installation media is approximately 3.5 GB in size.

Is Windows 10 system image bootable? ›

System image backups made by third-party software are, in fact, bootable, because they include the partition metadata.

Is image capture available on Windows? ›

ImageCapture Suite is specifically optimized for web applications. With ActiveX, Plugin and Mac Editions, it supports all the mainstream browsers on Windows and Mac.

How do I record my screen Windows 10? ›

How to record your screen in Windows 10
  1. Open the app you want to record. ...
  2. Press the Windows key + G at the same time to open the Game Bar dialog.
  3. Check the "Yes, this is a game" checkbox to load the Game Bar. ...
  4. Click on the Start Recording button (or Win + Alt + R) to begin capturing video.
8 Apr 2022

How many ways there are of capturing an image on a computer? ›

There are three possibilities as far as equipment or hardware is concerned: Digitising board (frame grabber/video board) plus analogue input (e.g. camera, videotape) Scanner (hand-held, flat-bed, transparency) Digital camera.

What is a DISM image? ›

Deployment Image Servicing and Management (DISM) is a command-line tool that is used to service Windows images. You can use DISM image management commands to mount and get information about Windows image (. wim) files, Full-flash utility (FFU) files, or virtual hard disks (VHD).

Where is the DISM image located? ›

DISM is in the c:\windows\system32 folder of all Windows 10 and Windows 11 installations, but you can run DISM in the command prompt from any location. DISM has to run from a Command Prompt running as administrator.

What is WinPE used for? ›

Windows PE (WinPE) is a small operating system used to install, deploy, and repair Windows desktop editions, Windows Server, and other Windows operating systems. From Windows PE, you can: Set up your hard drive before installing Windows. Install Windows by using apps or scripts from a network or a local drive.

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