On This Day - What Happened on October 1 (2024)

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Featured Event

1949

On This Day - What Happened on October 1 (1)

People's Republic of China established

In Beijing, with most of the Chinese mainland held by the communist People's Liberation Army, its dynamic leader, Mao Zedong, proclaimed the establishment of the People's Republic of China on this day in 1949.

Keystone/Hulton Archive/Getty Images

Featured Biography

Jimmy Carter

president of United States

born
October 1, 1924 (age 99)
Plains, Georgia

Courtesy: Jimmy Carter Library

1966

George Weah

president of Liberia

1935

Julie Andrews

British actress and singer

1930

1928

Sivaji Ganesan

Indian actor

1924

Jimmy Carter

president of United States

See All Biographies On This Day

More Events On This Day

2017

On This Day - What Happened on October 1 (3)

From his hotel room in Las Vegas, 64-year-old gunman Stephen Paddock opened fire on a music festival, killing 58 people and wounding hundreds before taking his own life; it surpassed the Orlando shooting (2016) as the deadliest mass shooting in modern U.S. history.

© Digital Vision/Getty Images

2013

On This Day - What Happened on October 1 (4)

American novelist Tom Clancy, who created the techno-thriller—a suspenseful novel that relies on extensive knowledge of military technology and espionage—died at age 66. Test your knowledge of famous authors

1994

On This Day - What Happened on October 1 (5)

The Republic of Palau officially became a sovereign state. Sort fact from fiction in our quiz about islands of the world

Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.

1982

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Congress established the U.S. Claims Court (now the U.S. Court of Federal Claims) to handle cases in which the United States is a defendant. Take our quiz about U.S. facts

1975

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In what is regarded by many as the greatest prizefight of all time (the “Thrilla in Manila”), Muhammad Ali defeated Joe Frazier after the latter's corner called a halt to the bout after 14 brutal rounds. How much do you know about boxing?

AP Images

1971

On This Day - What Happened on October 1 (8)

The Walt Disney World Resort—a complex near Orlando, Florida, that features attractions based on the stories and characters created by the Disney Company—opened. Test your knowledge of Disney

© Aroas/Dreamstime.com

1962

On This Day - What Happened on October 1 (9)

Johnny Carson began hosting The Tonight Show, and he became king of late-night television, credited with creating the standard format for TV talk shows. Take our quiz about pop culture

NBC photo

1961

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American baseball player Roger Maris hit his 61st home run of the season, breaking Babe Ruth's record. How much do you know about baseball?

© AP/REX/Shutterstock.com

1960

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Nigeria gained its independence from Britain but remained a member of the Commonwealth. Sort fact from fiction in our quiz about Africa

Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.

1946

On This Day - What Happened on October 1 (12)

The verdict was handed down on 22 of the original 24 defendants in the Nürnberg trials, a series of trials held after World War II in which the International Military Tribunal indicted and tried former Nazi leaders as war criminals. Take our quiz about infamous Nazis

AP Images

1936

On This Day - What Happened on October 1 (13)

Francisco Franco became head of the new Nationalist regime of Spain at the beginning of the Spanish Civil War. Sort fact from fiction in our quiz about European history

Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.

1932

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During game three of the World Series, New York Yankee Babe Ruth made his famous “called shot” when he pointed to the centre-field bleachers in Wrigley Field and then hit a home run to that spot; the Yankees defeated the Chicago Cubs and went on to win the championship. See where Babe Ruth ranks on our list of the 10 greatest baseball players of all time

UPI/Bettmann Archive

1890

On This Day - What Happened on October 1 (15)

By an act of the U.S. Congress, Yosemite National Park was created, eventually becoming one of the most heavily visited national parks in the country. Take our quiz about national parks and landmarks

Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.

1800

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Napoleon induced a reluctant King Charles IV of Spain to cede Louisiana back to France. How much do you know about Napoleon?

© Photos.com/Jupiterimages

1553

On This Day - What Happened on October 1 (17)

With her coronation, Mary I became the first queen to rule England in her own right; she was later nicknamed “Bloody Mary” because of her persecution of Protestants in a vain attempt to restore Roman Catholicism in the country. Test you knowledge of the queens of England

© Everett-Art/Shutterstock.com

331 bce

On This Day - What Happened on October 1 (18)

Alexander the Great of Macedonia defeated Darius III of Persia at the Battle of Gaugamela, spelling the end of the Persian empire. Sort fact from fiction in our quiz about Alexander the Great

© Tony Baggett/Fotolia

On This Day - What Happened on October 1 (19)

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